Last Updated Sep 23, 2022, 09:48 AM ET
Today, 31 states, in addition to the District of Columbia, are home to the best sports betting sites and have implemented legalized online sports betting in some capacity.
Legal dominoes continue to fall, including in California, Maryland, Massachusetts and Ohio. Meanwhile, legal Kansas sports betting is live in time for football season.
Despite the prevalence of offshore entities, we are focused on reporting about legal government-regulated markets. Keep an eye on this space for in-depth coverage, and consult our interactive U.S. legalization tracker map for regular updates.
Legalized online sports betting became a reality in May 2018. The U.S. Supreme Court (SCOTUS) ruled in a 6-3 decision that the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA) was unconstitutional.
PASPA effectively limited U.S. sports betting to Nevada, although Delaware, Montana, and Oregon carried a legacy clause. PASPA forbade states – outside of those exemptions above – from regulating and taxing sports betting.
New Jersey led the charge to legalize sports betting. SCOTUS recognized its decade-long crusade against the major professional sports leagues and ruled to overturn the longstanding act. The ruling by SCOTUS put an end to PASPA and gave each state the ability to enforce and implement its own legal sports betting standards and regulations.
Click the quick reference links to find out where sports betting is legal, states moving toward legalization, and those unlikely to act.
States with legal sports betting in 2022:AR | AZ | CO | CT | DE | DC | IL | IN | IA | KS | LA | ME | MI | MS | MT | NV | NH | NJ | NM | NY | NC | OR | PA | RI | SD | TN | VA | WA | WV | WI | WY
AL | CA | FL | GA | OH | OK | KY | MD | MA | MO | MN
States moving towards legalizing sports betting in 2023:
AK | HI | ID | NE | ND | SC | TX | UT | VT
States unlikely to legalize sports betting:
Arkansas launched online sports betting on Saturday, March 5, 2022. Betly became the state's first online sports betting platform through a partnership with Southland Casino Racing in West Memphis. BetSaracen launched its betting site on May 10, 2022. Oaklawn Sports, a Kambi-powered sportsbook, is on deck.
On Dec. 30, 2021, ARC unanimously approved changes to the state’s gambling rules to permit mobile sports betting via its local casinos. The Arkansas Legislative Council (ALC) will convene on Jan. 28, 2022, to approve or dismiss the rule changes.
Arkansas moved a step closer to launching legal mobile sports betting. On Nov. 19, 2021, State regulators initiated a process for a rule change that would allow retail casinos to accommodate two mobile apps managed by well-known operators.
State Rep. Lee Johnson introduced HB 1942 in April 2021, which would enable casino licenses to operate “online sports pools.” This measure could expand Arkansas sports betting beyond its current retail-only presence. The Arkansas Racing Commission (ARC) regulates sports betting and is considering changes to allow mobile sportsbooks. Any changes require approval by a legislative committee.
The Oaklawn Racing Casino Resort took the state's first legal sports bet on July 1, 2019. Two additional outlets are now authorized to operate sportsbooks either inside of their facilities or neighboring properties.
Legal sports betting kicked off in Arizona on Sept. 9, 2021, hours before the NFL's regular season got underway. Seven sportsbooks are authorized to operate in the Grand Canyon State, with more on the way pending regulatory approval. Arizona’s legislation called for 20 online sports-betting licenses — 10 reserved for Native American tribes and 10 for professional sports teams.
Arizona now joins the ranks of U.S. states to offer legalized online sports betting. In April 2021, Gov. Doug Ducey signed the state's sports wagering bill into law to have retail and online betting options in place by week 1 of the 2021 NFL season. Follow the latest developments in Arizona's journey to legalization.
In August 2021, the Department of Gaming issued event wagering and daily fantasy sports licenses to FanDuel and an event wagering license to Penn National Gaming. Both were licensed as “designees” while their professional sports team and franchise partners received operator licenses. On Aug. 27, 2021, the state's gaming department issued licenses to 18 sports betting operators.
Arizona’s sports-betting licensees are sanctioned to partner with another organization to run their digital and retail sportsbooks for them. FanDuel linked up with the Phoenix Suns, and Penn partnered with Phoenix Raceway. FanDuel will launch an online sportsbook and open a retail outlet at the Footprint Center. Penn will go live with its Barstool Sportsbook platform first, followed by a retail location at the raceway.
On Oct. 22, 2021, the Arizona Department of Gaming approved an application from Rush Street Interactive, clearing the way for BetRivers to launch. RSI gained market access via a partnership with the Arizona Rattlers of the Indoor Football League.
The Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation and Betfred Sports announced on Nov. 23, 2021, that they had joined forces to launch sports betting at the We-Ko-Pa Casino Resort.
Online and retail sports betting came into effect in Colorado on May 1, 2020. The passage of proposition DD, the Legalize Sports Betting with Tax Revenue for Water Projects Measure, was unanimously approved. Colorado has become a major player in U.S. sports betting, with more active online sportsbooks than any state in the nation. On Jan. 26, 2022, Aussie-operator BlueBet reached a skin agreement with Wild Card Saloon & Casino in Blackhawk.
Its monthly handle has surpassed $300 million on five occasions — most recently in November 2021 ($475.4 million).
The Connecticut legislature approved sports wagering in May 2021 through a tribal-state agreement. Governor Ned Lamont formally approved House Bill 6451, leaving the Department of the Interior to review the compact, as federal approval is pending.
The gaming bill includes provisions for mobile and retail sports betting, with the services provided by the Mashantucket Pequot and Mohegan tribes and the Connecticut state lottery. Connecticut’s three-party sports betting market is finalized. Rush Street Interactive will join DraftKings and FanDuel in claiming the state's third and final sports betting license.
On Sept. 9, 2021, Gov. Lamont informed his constituents that the federal government has signed off on the state's plan for sports betting and online gaming.
Retail sports betting in Connecticut kicked off on Thursday, Sept. 30. Nutmeg State Gov. Ned Lamont visited both Foxwoods and Mohegan Sun casinos, where he placed ceremonial first bets.
Connecticut formally launched statewide online sports betting on Oct. 19, 2021, following a seven-day trial period.
Delaware was the first state outside of Nevada to introduce regulated single-game sports betting. Gov. John Carney placed the state’s first legal single-game bet — and won his Philadelphia Phillies wager — on June 5, 2018. Three racinos now hold sports wagering licenses in the state.
Approvals for online gambling have been in place since 2013, yet the Delaware Division of Gaming Enforcement has yet to authorize online sports betting. It appears as though the regulator is taking a wait-and-see approach before allowing the racinos to launch online.
Sports wagering is legal in Washington, DC under Act 22-594. The legislation cleared congressional review and became law on May 3, 2019. The D.C. Lottery launched its "GambetDC" platform in June 2020, allowing bettors in the District to wager on sports via mobile device or personal computer.
Alternatively, bets can be placed at one of two sports arenas partnered with an online sports betting company: Capital One Arena (Caesars) and Nationals Park (BetMGM). Both apps are available within a two-block radius of sports stadiums or arenas and from inside a licensed bar or restaurant.
Online remote registration returned to Illinois on March 5, 2022. The state did away with its in-person registration requirement, meaning folks in the Land of Lincoln no longer have to visit a casino to wager at an online sportsbook.
In late October, the bill passed by the Illinois General Assembly contained a sunset clause for in-person registration of online sports betting, and the requirement officially ended.
BetMGM became the state's seventh online sportsbook partner to launch mobile operations when its platform was activated on Saturday, March 5 —— the same day remote registration was enabled.
Indiana's legal sports betting laws incorporate mobile and in-person wagering. Governor Eric Holcomb endorsed Indiana's sports betting bill (HB 1015) and passed it into law on May 8, 2019. Holcomb later placed the Hoosier State's first legal wager on Sept. 1, 2019. Currently, 13 mobile sportsbook apps operate in the state.
Governor Kim Reynolds passed IA SF 617 in May 2019, paving the way for legal sports betting to officially launch in Iowa on Aug. 15, 2019. Retail sportsbooks operate within state casinos, while mobile sports wagering apps drive sign-ups and pad the monthly handle.
Iowa's sports betting market continues to grow, with the addition of Circa Sports. The Nevada-based operator launched in Iowa on Oct. 7, 2021, via a partnership with the Wild Rose Casino & Resort.
Legal Kansas sports betting kicked off on Sept. 1, 2022, with a ‘soft launch’ that saw six operators go live in the state. A full launch will take place Sept. 8, 2022, just prior to the 2022 NFL season.
On Friday, Aug. 19, 2022, Kansas's attorney general kiboshed some betting-related regulations that its legal office says need attention.
On May 12, 2022, Kansas Governor Laura Kelly signed the Kansas sports betting bill into law just a day after hinting, "I think some time this week...so stay tuned." The law will officially take effect on July 1, 2022, but no launch date for sportsbooks was provided.
On Thursday, April 29, 2022, state lawmakers approved the Kansas sports betting bill. As expected, if Gov. Kelly signs the bill (SB 84), legal statewide mobile wagering could touch down in Kansas this fall.
News from the Sunflower State on Nov. 16, 2021, suggests that Kansas may soon adopt legislation and regulations to legalize online betting. Sports betting operator DraftKings Inc. reached a deal with BHCMC, a Butler National Corp. subsidiary that operates Boot Hill Casino & Resort in Dodge City.
Legal wagering bills, including HB 2444, were introduced in 2020 by both the Kansas House and Senate. However, the legislative sessions were cut short due to the pandemic and lawmakers will have to put forth a new bill in 2022.
PointsBet launched in Louisiana on Sept. 22, 2022, becoming Louisiana's eighth legal sports betting site.
Regulators were eager to launch Louisiana sports betting by the end of the 2021-22 NFL season. On Friday, Oct. 29, 2021, Louisiana Gaming Control Board Chairman Ronnie Johns issued four sports betting licenses. The following gaming properties were authorized to accept in-person sports betting as of Sunday, Oct. 31: Harrah's New Orleans, Horseshoe Bossier City Hotel and Casino, L’Auberge Casino Hotel, and Boomtown Casino.
Louisiana registered its first legal sports bet on Wednesday, Oct. 6, 2021. New Orleans Saints alumn Joe Horn placed the state's inaugural bet Paragon Casino Resort in Marksville.
As for online betting, the practice launched Jan. 28, 2022, allowing seven already approved sports wagering operators (Barstool Sportsbook, BetMGM, Caesars Sportsbook, DraftKings, FanDuel, BetRivers, and WynnBET) to accept bets beginning at 8:00 a.m. that day.
On Nov. 11, 2021, The Golden Nugget in Lake Charles opened the DraftKings Sportsbook. Meanwhile, Penn National Gaming launched a retail sportsbook at L’Auberge. On Dec.9, 2021, FanDuel opened two of the five retail sportsbooks they expect to launch in Louisiana.
Louisiana’s sports betting law puts each of the state's 64 parishes in the spotlight, with the Pelican State allowing each to decide their sports betting fate.
Online: Yes (limited)
On Wednesday, April 20, 2022, the Maine Senate approved Governor Mills' sports betting proposal by a 23-11 vote. The Penobscot, Passamaquoddy, and Maliseet tribes will gain control of online and mobile sports betting. While timelines aren't defined, the signing of the bill wrests with Governor Mills.
Maine failed again to pass sports betting into law in 2021, with the latest attempt — LD 1352 — left sitting on the Appropriations Table. The state Senate, citing issues that revolved around tethering sports betting to retail casinos, has pushed the opportunity to 2022.
In January 2020, Governor Janet Mills famously vetoed bill LD 553 (SP 175), designated as "An Act to Ensure Proper Oversight of Sports Betting in the State." Furthermore, the House of Representatives then failed to override her decision despite the Senate voting to do so.
On June 14, 2022, Gov. Hogan penned a letter to the legislature’s Sports Wagering and Application Review Commission (SWARC), whereby he urged the commission to take immediate action on launching mobile sports betting.
Though Maryland has taken a significant step forward with its official introduction of in-person sports betting, it is still lagging behind when it comes to offering mobile wagering. As many as 60 mobile and online sportsbooks are permitted to operate, but online sports betting in Maryland isn't expected to be implemented until sometime in 2022.
On Dec. 9, 2021, MGM National Harbor Casino became the first of the five Maryland retail sportsbooks awarded licenses on Nov. 18, 2021, to officially go live. This followed the Maryland Lottery and Gaming Control Commission's two-day "controlled demonstration" that took place earlier the same week.
With the state's first retail sportsbook up and running, two more followed suit on Dec. 10, 2021 — Horseshoe Casino and Live! Casino. State regulators also approved licenses for two off-track betting facilities in Riverboat on the Potomac and Long Shot’s on Dec. 8, 2021.
Through a November 2020 referendum, Maryland voters approved "sports and events betting for the primary purpose of raising revenue for education." Maryland Gov. Larry Hogan signed sports betting bill HB 940 into law in May 2021. State legislators passed a series of enabling statutes, and the Maryland Lottery and Gaming Control Commission approved regulations on July 15, 2021.
March 11, 2020, signaled the start of legal sports betting in Michigan. This came less than three months after Governor Gretchen Whitmer signed the "Lawful Sports Betting Act" into law. Michigan sports betting offers fully remote registration, eliminating the need to visit a casino and allowing you to register, add funds, and bet from anywhere within state lines.
Out of the 26 casinos in Michigan, there are 22 that currently offer retail sports betting. Most recently, on Nov. 9, 2021, Saginaw Chippewa Gaming Enterprises announced a deal with Kambi to bring its sportsbook platform to both Soaring Eagle Casino & Resort and Saganing Eagles Landing Casino & Hotel.
Legal sports betting came to Mississippi on Aug. 1, 2018, with the Mississippi Gaming Commission (MGC) tasked with regulation and oversight. Bettors can leverage mobile betting capabilities; however, online wagering must take place within the grounds of a casino. On Nov. 12, 2021, MGM Resorts International’s Beau Rivage in Biloxi became the most recent addition to this list, confirming bettors will be able to access BetMGM's mobile app at the location.
The Gaming Control Act, introduced during the state's 2019 legislative session, would have sanctioned the use of mobile sports betting apps anywhere in the state. Sen. Willie Simmons started the conversation, but other MS lawmakers were not ready to change the state's sports betting operations. Subsequently, the bill fell short on Feb. 5, 2019. In January 2020, a similar bill (MS HB 172) was introduced in the House but failed to gain traction.
In the latest attempt to make legalized online wagering available statewide, the Mississippi House Gaming Committee, chaired by Casey Eure, is crafting a new mobile betting app bill that Rep. Eure is planning to have ready for the House by Jan. 1, 2022.
In March 2020, legal sports betting landed in Big Sky country. Governor Steve Bullock signed HB725, which revised state lottery laws to authorize sports wagering.
While Montana can tout mobile betting as a legalized activity, there is a caveat. Gov. Bullock passed on the opportunity to establish an open, competitive market in the state. The state lottery and its adopted platform, operated by Greek gaming company Intralot, were awarded the contract without a public bidding process.
Nevada is a mature market with legalized sports betting dating back to 1949. It was first to control sports betting, which organized crime syndicates had previously operated.
Decades of regulated sports betting experience and an established track record helped make it the gold standard for sports betting. Online sports wagering is available, but bettors must first register for an account in person at a casino.
As of November 2021, hopes for remote registration have grown with the announcement that Caesars and Red Rock Resorts have plans for new sports betting platforms that could utilize the feature.
Nevada cracked the $1 billion mark in monthly sports betting for the first time in its history. Figures released by the Nevada Gaming Control Board on Tuesday, Nov. 30, 2021, reveal that sportsbooks secured $1.1 billion in bets during the month of October.
Retail and mobile sports betting is available for many sports, and betting on New Hampshire's in-state college teams is also legal. A proposed bill would expand the number of retail sportsbooks and allow them to accept live bets. It's unclear yet if the initiative has positive momentum.
DraftKings became the state's first mobile sports wagering app in December 2019, and they also launched New Hampshire's first retail sportsbook (The Brook) in August 2020.
New Jersey launched legal sports betting on June 14, 2018, becoming the second U.S. state to do so. Governor Phil Murphy placed the state's first legal sports bet at Monmouth Park. Online betting is also available, facilitated by fully remote registration, contributing to New Jersey leading the way with points of access.
The Garden State eclipsed the $1 billion mark in sports betting handle for December 2021, totaling $1.23 billion. However, month-over-month revenue from sports betting was $59 million, a 48.6% drop from November.
In November 2021, Prophet, peer-to-peer U.S. sports betting exchange, introduced pre-registration for ProphetExchange.com, its NJ-based exchange. Customers can set prices for other users to bet on, or place bets on the available prices. Exchange The Love, a crowd-funded consumer campaign, supports Prophet's pre-registration launch. Early adopters of Prophet’s sports betting exchange will be rewarded with a deposit match bonus that increases by $25 for every 500 new registrations.
Garden State voters headed to the polls on Tuesday, Nov. 2, 2021, and re-elected Gov. Phil Murphy by a slim margin. While Murphy was instrumental in rolling out legalized online sports betting, his constituents rejected a constitutional amendment to permit wagering through casinos and current or former horse racetracks on all college sport or athletic events. Betting on New Jersey college teams and out-of-state teams who play games within NJ remains illegal.
The Land of Enchantment was the sixth U.S. state to offer legalized sports betting. While the practice is legal in New Mexico, it is limited to a retail or an in-person experience. Lawmakers haven't passed a sports betting bill to legalize online activity within the state since the fall of PASPA.
Santa Ana Star, operated by the Pueblo of Santa Ana, took the state's first retail sports bet on Oct. 16, 2018. Additional tribal gaming centers have followed, including Hilton Buffalo Thunder Sportsbook, The Sportsbook at the Inn of the Mountain Gods, and the Isleta Resort and Casino Sportsbook.
WynnBET came online on Feb. 4, 2022, just in time for Super Bowl 56.
The era of online and mobile sports betting began on Saturday, Jan. 8, 2022, at 9 a.m. ET. Four licensed mobile sports betting operators — Caesars Sportsbook, DraftKings, FanDuel, and Rush Street Interactive (BetRivers) — met all necessary conditions for launch.
BetMGM entered the market on Monday, Jan. 17, 2022, becoming the state's fifth legal online sports betting site. PointsBet was next to go live as the sportsbook took its first legal NY wager on Jan. 24, 2022. Of the five online sportsbooks that hadn't launched on day one, just two remain inactive: Bally’s and Resorts World are up next. Notably, Bally Bet is unlikely to launch before April 2022.
Retail sports betting was legalized in the wake of PASPA, with the first bet placed on July 16, 2019, at the Rivers Casino in Schenectady.
Despite infighting and opposition from former Governor Andrew Cuomo, New York inched towards legalized mobile sports betting. Cuomo signed legislation for the 2022 fiscal year, including a proposal to allow online sports gambling in the Empire State.
On Nov. 8, 2021, New York regulators identified two groups — nine casino and online operators — to provide mobile sports wagering across the state. The makeup of the groups includes DraftKings, BetMGM, Bally's, and FanDuel in one, while the second is headlined by Caesars, Wynn, PointsBet, and Rush Street Interactive.
BetMGM was named an official sports betting partner of Madison Square Garden, the New York Knicks, and the New York Rangers on Nov. 9, 2021. Similarly, a multi-year marketing partnership with Caesars Sportsbook and Madison Square Garden was struck on Nov. 18, 2021. Caesars Sportsbook will become an official sports betting partner of the Knicks, Rangers, Madison Square Garden Arena, and MSG Networks.
News out of the Empire State on Nov. 24, 2021, included the release and publication of mobile sports betting rules and regulations within the New York State Register, the official and weekly update of regulatory activity.
On June 22, 2022, the North Carolina House decided not to move forward with Senate Bill 688. The bill would have legalized online sports betting in the Tar Heel State and allowed the first mobile sportsbooks to launch by 2023.
Legalized yet severely restricted sports betting legislation landed in North Carolina in July 2019. Proposed changes could transform the NC landscape, as neighboring states profit significantly more from their sports betting arrangements. Currently, tribal casinos cannot allow sports betting apps outside of their establishments. If the proposed bill passes and Gov. Roy Cooper signs it into law, the North Carolina Education Lottery Commission will issue up to a dozen interactive sports wagering operator licenses.
DraftKings is now the official sportsbook of the Oregon Lottery. The operator took over for Scoreboard on Jan. 18, 2022, as the only online betting site in the state. Retail sportsbooks can be found at two tribal casinos — BetMGM at Spirit Mountain Casino and Sports Wagering Lounge in the Chinook Winds Casino Resort.
Legal sports betting in Oregon resumed on Aug. 27, 2019, with the first wagers taken at the Chinook Winds Casino Resort. Oregon was one of the four states not required to amend the existing tribal-state agreement when PASPA was overturned. Governor Kate Brown has pledged her support for an attempt to overhaul sports betting in the Beaver State.
Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Wolf put his signature on a gambling expansion bill in October 2017 that later produced legalized sports gambling. The broad legislation also sanctioned online poker and daily fantasy sports (DFS). Hollywood Casino at Penn National Race Course secured Pennsylvania's first legal sports bet in November 2018. Conversely, PlaySugarHouse became Pennsylvania's first online sportsbook to launch in June 2019.
On Feb. 7, 2022, PointsBet announced it had become the 12th online sportsbook to go live in PA.
Online sports betting has been legal in Rhode Island since its launch in September 2019. Previously, consumers had to register their sports betting account in person at one of the state's two Twin Rivers casinos.
In July 2020, Gov. Gina Raimondo put her signature on SB 2919 and HB 8097, allowing bettors to complete remote registration. Under the law, two locations can offer sports betting with the state's lottery providing regulatory oversight.
The South Dakota Commission on Gaming (SDCG) recently announced a plan to allow legal sports betting on mobile apps inside Deadwood casinos. Deadwood casinos remain the only establishments eligible and licensed to permit wagering via on-site kiosks. The new plan calls for mobile sports betting apps to accept bets, but only if placed within the facilities themselves.
Sports betting remains restricted to Deadwood and at licensed tribal casinos. On Feb. 25, 2022, legislative committee lawmakers nixed a resolution that would have legalized statewide mobile sports betting via a ballot measure.
On Feb. 7, 2022, South Dakota took a step toward legalizing online sports betting as a proposal narrowly passed through the Senate. SJR 502 will now head to the House where, if passed, would give voters the chance to greenlight mobile sports betting in November 2022.
Sports betting in South Dakota became legal with the passing of Amendment B on Nov. 3, 2020. Gov. Kristi Noem signed legislation bringing sports gambling to Deadwood. Casinos in the traditional gambling town can legally open sportsbooks. By law, that new rule also allows tribal casinos across the state to open sportsbooks.
Legalized retail sports betting came into effect on Sept. 9, 2021, in Deadwood, South Dakota. These four casinos offer sports betting: Tin Lizzie (BetMGM), Cadillac Jack’s Gaming Resort (BetMGM), Mustang Sally’s (ISI), and the Gold Dust Casino (ISI).
The state legislature approved rules for online sports betting during the 2021 session. The bill that passed prohibits online sports betting in South Dakota.
Despite opposition from Gov. Bill Lee, Tennessee voted to authorize online sports betting in May 2019. The sticking point for Gov. Lee was the status of brick-and-mortar outlets. Tennessee's sports betting bill includes provisions for online-only sports wagering, making it one of the few states to implement an online-only program. The growing online market includes brands like DraftKings, FanDuel, BetMGM, and Tennessee Action 24/7.
On Sept. 9, 2021, Barstool Sports' outspoken founder, Dave Portnoy, announced that the Barstool Sportsbook had launched in Tennessee.
The Nashville Predators and Bally's Corporation inked a partnership agreement on Oct. 21, 2021, which makes Bally's the official sports betting partner of the NHL club.
One of the wrinkles with Tennessee's sports betting situation includes a mandatory 10% hold for sportsbook operators. The rule was enacted by the Tennessee Education Lottery, which has proven difficult for sportsbooks to operate with these conditions considering the average hold is approximately 7% in the legalized markets.
Ongoing deliberations with the Sports Wagering Advisory Council include how to address the matter since sportsbook operators face $25,000 in fines if they do not meet the requirement.
Hard Rock became Virginia's first retail sportsbook when it opened its doors on July 8, 2022.
The Commonwealth of Virginia legalized sports wagering in April 2020, with sports bettors placing their first bets in January 2021. Gov. Ralph Northam signed bill SB 384 into law on April 29, 2020, following several revisions in the Virginia State Legislature. The Washington Football Team of the NFL secured a sports betting license from the Virginia Lottery in 2021. That marked the first time an NFL team had obtained a wagering-related license.
Colonial Downs (PointsBet), Digital Gaming Corporation (Betway), and VHL, VA (SI Sportsbook) were all awarded sports betting licenses in November 2021.
The Old Dominion took in $427.3 million in sports wagers in October, a record monthly handle according to the Virginia Lottery which released the figures on Dec. 2, 2021.
On Jan. 11, 2022, Maverick Gaming LLC filed a federal lawsuit challenging the sports betting monopoly given to Washington's tribes. Maverick alleges the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA) was applied incorrectly, giving the tribes permission to offer gambling that's not available anywhere else in the state.
Retail sports betting is up and running in Washington. On Sept. 9, 2021, the Snoqualmie Tribe became the state's first to launch retail sports betting at its Snoqualmie Casino outside Seattle. Shawn Kemp, the former Seattle SuperSonics star, placed Washington's first ceremonial bet.
On Dec. 29, 2021, Snoqualmie Casino became the first retail location in the state to launch its own mobile betting app. Bettors are limited to using the app while physically at the casino, however, in accordance with state laws.
The Evergreen State saw its second and third retail sportsbooks open in early December: The Stillaguamish and Kalispel tribe rolled out retail sports betting on Dec. 1 and Dec. 4, respectively, at the Angel of the Winds and Northern Quest.
On Sept. 28, 2021, FanDuel Group announced that it would form a partnership with the Suquamish Clearwater Casino Resort to bring retail sports betting to Washington State.
Plans for the proposed FanDuel Sportsbook at Suquamish Clearwater Casino Resort include three live betting windows and 12 self-serve betting kiosks.
On March 25, 2020, Governor Jay Inslee signed sports betting Bill ESHB 2638 into law. The law permits sports wagering at Class III tribal casinos in the state. However, mobile and online wagering is only allowed when physically on-site at a licensed tribal casino. The Washington State Gambling Commission provides regulatory oversight.
Legal and regulated sports betting was realized in West Virginia on Aug. 30, 2018. The Penn National Gaming-owned Hollywood Casino was West Virginia's first brick-and-mortar retail sportsbook. With only a handful of online sportsbooks in operation, Sen. Michael Maroney has pushed for reform, introducing modifications to SB 603 to allow bars and restaurants to accommodate online sportsbooks.
Barstool launched its mobile sportsbook in West Virginia on Nov. 22, 2021. On Jan. 26, 2022, PointsBet introduced its online casino to gamblers in WV.
Online: Yes (limited)
Legal sports betting arrived at the Oneida Casino on Tuesday, Nov. 30, 2021. The launch of retail sports betting operations, the first sports betting operation among the 11 Wisconsin tribes with gaming compacts, was marked by a ribbon-cutting ceremony. However, statewide betting has not yet been approved and no timelines for further retail rollouts were announced.
The Oneida Nation and Gov. Tony Evers announced a gaming pact in July 2021 that allows the tribe to operate retail sportsbooks at its casinos.
On Friday, Aug. 20, a notice from the Federal Register indicated that approval of the amendment clears the way for the Oneida Nation to offer sports betting at their gaming properties. The Oneida Nation was the first tribe in Wisconsin to receive approval to operate a sports betting program at a retail casino. The amendment was approved by the U.S. federal government and is now in effect. Statewide mobile betting and wagering on in-state college sports have yet to be authorized.
However, on Feb. 21, 2022, Oneida Casino officially launched its sportsbook app, opening the doors for mobile betting in the state. The practice remains highly limited, though, as bettors can only wager on their mobile devices at select Oneida locations.
On Sept. 2, 2021, International Game Technology (IGT) announced that its PlaySports platform would expand into Wisconsin through an agreement to power sports betting at Oneida Casino, on the Oneida Nation Reservation.
Sept. 1, 2021, marked the arrival of legal mobile sports betting in Wyoming. The state's gaming commission approved applications from BetMGM and DraftKings, and both launched the same day. Wyoming's mobile-only sports betting bill, signed into law by Governor Mark Gordon (R) on April 5, 2021, permits statewide mobile sports betting. An authorized sportsbook can operate an online portal without having an affiliation to a brick-and-mortar casino.
Cowboy State bettors can "expect at least one more operator to be approved," according to David Carpenter, project manager of sports wagering for the Wyoming Gaming Commission. The news came on Oct. 21, 2021, and coincides with reports that Wyoming will register a net loss for its first month of legalized sports betting.
On Nov. 22, 2021, Wyoming regulators approved FanDuel to launch operations in the Cowboy State. The sports betting operator did not announce a go-live date, but they expect to launch within a couple of weeks.
Wyoming Rep. Tom Walters introduced bill WY HB 133, nearly identical to one submitted a year earlier. The bill designates a minimum of five online sportsbooks but no cap on the total amount. Online sports betting in WY carries an age requirement of 18 years and older and permits betting on all sports. The bill was also the first to allow cryptocurrency as a valid payment method for sports betting activities.
Alabama lacks a lottery program, but state lawmakers advanced Senate bill SB319 to sanction a state-run lottery and implement state-wide mobile betting. In addition to the lottery, the proposed legislation calls for state racetracks to morph into casinos outfitted with retail sports betting kiosks and mobile sports betting terminals.
Passing this extensive bill is no small task, particularly for an adverse gambling state. Regardless, there's nothing new to report until these gaming options turn up on a 2022 voters ballot.
The fate of California sports betting wrests with voters who will decide its fate on Nov. 8, 2022. The latest Golden State sports betting news shows how California's tribes might be turning the tide against the major online sportsbooks.
Meanwhile, the battle intensifies with the competing sportsbooks and a coalition of native tribes, both releasing TV ads attacking each other's proposals.
Sports betting news out of the Golden State State was not so bright on Friday, Aug. 19, 2022. California's Republican party would oppose Prop 26 and Prop 27, the state's dueling sports betting bills.
On Friday, Aug. 12, 2022, Major League Baseball threw its support behind the ballot measure that would legalize online sports betting in California. The statement from MLB endorsed the integrity provisions in Proposition 27, the legislative measure sponsored by sports betting operators including BetMGM, DraftKings, and FanDuel that would permit online sportsbooks in California.
With the legal sports betting battle raging on in California, it was announced on July 10, 2022, that the state's Democrats oppose the online wagering measure and will stay neutral on the retail initiative.
On July 5, 2022, a third Native American tribe threw its support behind sportsbook operators in their efforts to bring online sports betting to California.
The Coalition for Safe, Responsible Gaming announced during the week of June 20, 2022, that more than 80 groups back tribal wagering measures.
There's an expensive battle looming in California between online bookmakers and Native American tribes. As of May 3, 2022, the California online-wagering measure put forth by Californians for Solutions to Homelessness and Mental Health Support appears headed for the November ballot. Approximately 1.1 million petition signatures were required, and the group announced that 1.6 million had been secured. Several prominent online operators have provided financial backing for the initiative, including BetMGM, DraftKings, and FanDuel.
On Friday, April 29, 2022, substantial support for one of three California sports betting initiatives was identified through findings from a poll. Nearly 60% of registered voters indicated that they would vote yes on the Solutions to Homelessness and Mental Health Support Act.
This initiative holds backing from seven sports betting operators: FanDuel, DraftKings, BetMGM, WynnBET, Bally Bet, Barstool Sportsbook, and Fanatics. If approved, the act would allow gaming companies and Native American tribes to roll out statewide online sports betting.
Two California card rooms — Hollywood Park Casino and Cal-Pac Rancho Cordova — filed a lawsuit in Los Angeles County Superior Court on Monday, March 7, 2022. They hope to keep a sports-betting initiative sponsored by nine tribal casinos off the November ballot.
As voters head to the polls for a November 2022 referendum, California's bid to legalize sports betting hangs in the balance. A coalition of California cities recently made a significant push to legalize sports betting in the Golden State, putting forth a proposal titled the California Sports Wagering and Consumer Protection Act.
Projections from Eilers & Krejcik peg CA sports betting revenues at $503 million under the legislative amendment. Additional projections include $282 million during the first six months, factoring in license fees.
Two ongoing attempts to legalize sports betting in California are on the docket. First, a proposed tribal initiative would legalize sports wagering at land-based casinos and horse racing tracks. The legislative effort would authorize online and mobile wagering via platforms affiliated with tribal casinos and racetracks.
Sports betting is once again illegal in Florida — for the time being. A Nov. 22, 2021, federal ruling put an end to mobile betting and the Hard Rock Sportsbook app. However, despite the ruling, Hard Rock continued to operate in Florida until Dec. 4, 2021.
By offering sports betting away from tribal land, the Florida-Seminole sports betting compact was in violation of the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA). According to Judge Dabney Friedrich, the pact also violated Amendment 3, which calls for voter approval before any gaming expansion in Florida.
Florida's pact with the Seminole Tribe was approved by the U.S. Department of the Interior on August 6, 2021, clearing the path for retail and online sportsbooks to operate on Seminole grounds. Hard Rock Sportsbook, offered by the Seminole Tribe of Florida, launched its mobile operations statewide on Monday, Nov. 1, 2021.
Now that the Seminole's appeals and motions for stay have been denied, it could attempt to form a new agreement with the state of Florida that would limit sports betting to Indian lands only. However, the state’s best bet to avoid further litigation is to have a sports betting proposal added to the November 2022 ballot where voters can take matters into their own hands.
A DraftKings and FanDuel-backed initiative officially missed out on the November 2022 ballot after failing to collect the 891,589 signatures required. The two industry giants pitched in $10 million apiece to back a referendum that would have attempted to dissolve the current Seminole monopoly on Florida gaming. Commercial sportsbooks will now have to wait until 2024 to take another swing at the Florida market.
On Aug. 11, 2022, Georgia gubernatorial candidate Stacey Abrams called for a constitutional amendment to allow casinos in Georgia. The Democrat also shared her plan for legalized sports betting, which would fund need-based financial aid in full, and make technical college admission free.
News outlet CBS 46 WGCL contacted Geoff Zochodne from Covers for comment: “If Georgia were to legalize sports betting, and depending on who is allowed to take wagers, the state would become one of the bigger markets in the U.S. for bookmakers almost overnight.”
2022 saw two sports betting bills revived — SB 142 functions as the framework for Georgia sports betting and SR 135, the revision to Georgia law. Ultimatley, SB 142 did not make it to the House floor, and SR 135 was substituted with a different and unrelated bill.
Sen. Burt Jones put forth HB 93, and there are key considerations for mobile operators seeking entry into the Georgia market. The bill requires a sportsbook to apply for a $50,000 application fee, while the annual cost for the sports betting licensing fee is pegged at $900,000. Jones’ original bill called for a 20 percent tax to be levied on sports betting companies. Regardless, local bettors will have to wait another year until further efforts to legalize sports betting are mounted.
Kentucky's wait for legal sports betting continues until 2022 or longer. Key sports betting legislation cleared legislative hurdles in 2020-21 when a bill championed by Rep. Adam Koenig (R) cleared a House committee without opposition. KY was on the verge of becoming a clear favorite to legalize operations. However, the pandemic and a break from bipartisan support left Kentucky sports betting in limbo.
House Bill 241 is comparable to Koenig's earlier sponsored legislation. Details include the Kentucky Horse Racing Commission would regulate the allowance of sports wagering at Kentucky tracks and betting. State racetracks would be eligible to receive licenses to host sports wagering and professional sports venues with seating for 50,000 or more people.
On Sept. 22, 2022, the majority of a group comprising more than 20 sportsbook operators informed the Massachusetts Gaming Commission (MGC) that a universal start date for the launch of Massachusetts sports betting is the preferred path forward.
During a meeting on Sept. 8, 2022, Massachusetts Gaming Commissioner Brad Hall restated that Massaschusetts' initial retail and online sportsbooks will not open their doors in the coming weeks. Formal approval for launch remains several months away.
On Monday, Aug. 1, 2022, Massachusetts lawmakers passed legal wagering legislation that will bring online and retail sports betting to MA. The minimum age to bet will be 21, and both professional and collegiate sports are on the table — although wagering on in-state college teams will only be legal during major events like March Madness.
A go-live date has not been announced, but the expectation is that Massachusetts sports betting will roll out sometime during the 2022-23 NFL season.
Massachusetts initially moved closer to legalizing sports betting on Thursday, April 28, 2022. The state senate voted to approve a wagering bill that would allow adults 21 years of age and over to bet money on sports via mobile devices and at state casinos. The main sticking point or difference between the bill proposed by the House in 2021 (bill H 3977) revolved around college sports, which the Senate struck from revised legislation.
Previously, the House supported bill H.4887, which included mobile and retail sports betting provisions. However, the Senate took issue with adding specific sports betting language in its version.
The legislative session concluded on May 23, 2022, and legal sports betting in the Land of 10,000 Lakes desperately needs a lifeboat. The most recent Minnesota sports betting drive stalled as the legislature adjourned without passing a bill.
On May 12, 2022, the Minnesota House passed House File 778 by a vote of 70-57. Next up — the Senate. The bipartisan legislation sought to legalize sports betting and enable Native American tribes to gain control over sports wagering. The tribes could then take bets in person at casinos or remotely online, from residents aged 18 and older.
Other renewed efforts, including a bipartisan state Senate proposal, haven't gained traction. With many Senate Republicans opposed to legalized sports betting, Minnesotans in favor face an uphill battle.
MN lawmakers have contemplated legal sports betting bills, including HF767. Still, Minnesota has not hammered out how it would operate and which stakeholders, particularly Minnesota Native American tribes, would be authorized to accept wagers.
On Nov. 4, 2021, at the State Capitol, Rep. Stephenson came out swinging in favor of legalizing sports wagering: "It should be legal. We can get this done. We should get this done. And I’m going to work very hard to get this done." Native American tribes have long feared that legalizing online and mobile wagering would put their casinos out of business, but the opposition has eased.
Eager to keep sports gambling money in the state, Missouri lawmakers are working overtime to pass a bill to legalize sports wagering activities.
Fubo Gaming was granted market access on Feb. 10, 2022 — three weeks after Golden Nugget Gaming secured a deal on Jan. 20, 2022. In partnership with Caesars Entertainment and Affinity Interactive, respectively, Fubo and Golden Nugget will offer mobile sports betting in Missouri when event wagering is legalized.
On Wednesday, Jan. 19, 2022, six Missouri pro sports teams reached an agreement with local casino operators to support betting legislation. Under the agreement, the franchises would earn one mobile skin each, while the casinos would gain three skins or online platforms per retail location.
Rep. Phil Christofanelli pre-filed a new sports betting bill on Wednesday, Dec. 1, 2021 — the first draft law filed in the United States for the 2022 legislative session.
Rep. Dan Shaul told KSDK in St. Louis that “we need to do something” and “people in Missouri want to be able to bet on sports.” But time is not on Missouri's side. With their legal sports betting platforms in place, neighboring Iowa and Illinois contribute to the Show-Me State's eroding market share.
Missouri Sen. Denny Hoskins has been leading the state's charge to add legal sports betting since May 2018, when the Supreme Court gave each state the power to legalize. Republican leadership within the GOP-controlled legislature championed the sentiment and substance of SB256 but balked when video lottery terminals (VLT) came into the conversation.
Sen. Hoskins, Rep. Dan Shaul, and Sen. Tony Luetkemeyer plan to pre-file separate sports betting bills for the 2022 spring session. The St. Louis Cardinals, St. Louis Blues, St. Louis SC, and Kansas City Royals are also backing nine ballot initiatives.
Through a Nov. 3, 2020 ballot, voters in the Cornhusker State legalized “all games of chance.” After further amendments to sports wagering and other gambling activities at licensed racetrack enclosures, Nebraska Gov. Pete Ricketts signed Bill LB 561 into law.
Online: Coming Jan. 1
Retail: Coming Jan. 1
Legal sports betting in Ohio will start on Jan. 1, 2023. By law, January 1 is the latest start date permissible to launch retail and online sports betting.
On May 4, 2022, the Ohio Casino Control Commission confirmed Ohio will have a universal go-live date. All approved operators will launch on the same day. The OCCC also announced that operators may begin applying for sports betting licenses on June 15, 2022.
The Ohio Casino Control Commission released "Batch 1" of the state's sports betting rules on Jan. 18, 2022. On Dec. 8, 2021, the Senate and House of Representatives passed amendments to HB 29. Two weeks later, Gov. Mike DeWine signed Ohio's sports betting bill into law. Ohioans should expect legal sports wagering to arrive by the end of 2022.
Gov. DeWine has long asserted that sports betting in Ohio is an inevitability. Ohio bettors will have plenty of options when all is said and done, as HB 29 will allow for up to 25 online licenses and 42 retail licenses.
In April 2020, Oklahoma Governor Kevin Stitt agreed with two federally recognized tribes on gaming compacts covering sports betting. The Department of the Interior approved the agreements on June 8, 2020, which paved the way for sports betting to begin in Oklahoma. However, opposition to sports betting expansion from state lawmakers and Oklahoma's Attorney General has created more uncertainty.
The 49th state to join the union may if ever, become the "Last Frontier" to legalize sports betting. Alaska is considered an extreme longshot to legislate and formally legalize sports wagering.
That said, efforts to move toward legal Alaska sports betting haven't been completely dormant in 2022 — Rep. Adam Wool introduced legislation (HB 385) in February that would bring mobile sports wagering to the state.
Hawaii is one of just two states, Utah being the other, with no legal gambling provisions. As such, Hawaii sports betting legislation is unlikely to receive a lei greeting in the Aloha State.
Little to no movement from Idaho lawmakers suggests no momentum or appetite for legal Idaho sports betting. Although many of its neighboring states moved quickly to add sports betting legislation in recent years, not one bill has been proposed in the Gem State.
In March 2021, North Dakota lawmakers spiked a sports betting (ND 3032) ballot measure. Amendments to the state constitution’s sports wagering prohibitions would have resulted in a 2022 ballot referendum. The latest sports betting blow likely dashes hopes for legalization until 2025 or later.
Nearly every form of gambling is banned in the Palmetto State, and sports betting is no exception. Section 16-19-10 of the South Carolina Code of Laws states that any form of lottery or game of chance, either public or private, cannot be established and is forbidden. It's unlikely that South Carolina and its conservative legislature will consider its first major gaming expansion since 2002.
Once considered an unlikely candidate to adopt sports betting legislation, changing demographics and investments by outside interests have revived Texas sports betting efforts.
During a panel discussion at the SBC North America summit in New Jersey on July 13, 2022, "Mattress Mack" pressed sportsbooks for higher limits and predicted that there will be legal sports betting in Texas within five years.
Lt. Gov. Dan Patrick, head of the Texas State Senate, claimed victory in the Republican primary on Tuesday, March 2, 2022. As a staunch opponent of sports betting legalization, his re-election could deal a significant blow to the Lone Star state's sports betting aspirations.
State lawmakers missed the opportunity to bring sports betting to Texas in 2022, but there's now a bullseye on tabling legalization in 2023.
The Sports Betting Alliance, a consortium of Texas-based professional sports teams, is backing a new bill to bring legal online and retail sports betting to the Lone Star state. Despite its support for personal freedoms, the conservative state has historically shunned gambling in all forms.
Utah is highly doubtful to adopt legalized sports betting, particularly since its anti-gambling position is written into the state constitution. Decades of opposition make any changes to its policy toward gambling unlikely and would signify a massive departure.
Numerous bills targeted at legalizing sports betting in Vermont failed to pass muster but resurfaced in 2021 for further consideration. Lead sponsor Sen. Dick Sears and co-sponsors Sen. Michael Sirotkin, Sen. Christopher Pearson, and Sen. Richard Westman put forth bill S.77 which would grant the state lottery control over VT sports betting and permit up to six online operators.
Senators Sears and Sirotkin put forth a mobile-only bill in 2020, but a committee hearing was not assembled. Vermont's bordering states and even its neighbor to the north, Quebec, are in a better position to greenlight sports betting.
The sheer proliferation of legalized U.S. sports betting markets has created a lucrative and competitive market. While competition is a boon to consumers and a significant boost for state revenues, the variance between sports betting sites and sportsbooks creates uncertainty.
Our sports betting experts have scoured the web and taken the time to research, review, and test close to 200 online sportsbooks. The result: We have identified the safest online sports betting sites. The most trustworthy and legit sports betting sites are listed here.
BetMGM is the sportsbook platform of MGM Resorts International, an influential name in the hospitality and gaming sector. BetMGM holds licenses in ten U.S. jurisdictions and counting. The use of geolocation software ensures that its registered players are located in the proper jurisdiction.
The Boston-based operator complies with state laws to ensure that its users are physically located within a state where online sports betting is legal. The DraftKings site uses an SSL encrypted connection to secure user data. Responsible gaming features and resources offer protection for players.
The New York-headquartered FanDuel sportsbook places significant emphasis on security. In addition to its IT team, they rely on users to identify vulnerabilities. Vulnerability Disclosure Policy rewards anyone who identifies vulnerabilities in its products and reports them. Solutions are implemented via a partnership with HackerOne.
PointsBet boasts sleek and easy-to-navigate mobile apps, affording access to tangible promotions and strong odds. The operator's proprietary software includes its unique points betting system, which deviates from the fixed odds you will find at competing sports betting sites.
Delaware nipped New Jersey to the line and was the first state outside of Nevada to accept legal single-game sports bets after the Supreme Court nixed the federal wagering ban in May 2018.
Yes, and any state that wants can legalize sports betting. New Jersey's Supreme Court victory in May 2018 paved the way for legalized online sports gambling.
Yes, but your physical location determines your eligibility. We identified jurisdictions where legal online sports betting is available. While residency is not a requirement, you must be physically located within the state to place a legal online sports bet.
Yes and BetMGM Sportsbook is expanding its legal online sports betting app. The online sportsbook is now live in Michigan, Nevada, New Jersey, Iowa, West Virginia, Indiana, Tennessee, Colorado, Virginia and Pennsylvania.
Yes, adults 21 and older can access the Caesars Sportsbook in these states: TN, IL, IN, IA, WV, MI, CO, VA, NJ, Washington, DC and NV.
Yes, DraftKings is legal and licensed in several U.S. states.
Yes, indeed. FanDuel is legal and available if you are visiting an eligible state, then you can register and place a bet with FanDuel sportsbook even if you don't reside there.
Yes, the PointsBet sportsbook is available in the following states to registered players 21-years of age and older: New Jersey, Iowa, Illinois, and Colorado.
More than 20 U.S. states have legalized sports betting, either via retail, online or a combination of the two. Restrictions apply, including ensuring that users are located within state lines to wager.
Mobile wagering capabilities vary by the sportsbook, but the process is similar. Log in to your account, select the sport or event you want to bet on, access the bet slip, enter the stake and confirm your bet.
Yes. Sports gambling winnings are subject to income tax, and you must report them on your tax return. Upon filing your annual tax return, record any winnings and your tax payments. Depending on your tax rate, you may have to pay more or get some of your money back. You can deduct gambling losses only up to the amount you've won and reported.
Sportsbooks and other gambling operators send tax forms when winnings hit the $600 threshold or 300 times your stake. Retail operators will issue W-2G forms with your winnings. Whether you wager a few dollars on the game or through a side bet with a friend, the IRS treats it as income. Gambling withholding is equal to the cost of backup withholding: a flat 24%.
Mike has been researching and reviewing products for more than a decade. The former travel and entertainment publisher is all in on sports betting. When he's not sweating picks or supporting Covers' betting experts in making smarter sports bettors, you can find him by the BBQ, perfecting his cross-hatch marks.