Last Updated Sep 23, 2022, 10:12 AM ET
Washington ushered in legal sports betting hours before the kickoff of the 2021 NFL season. All Evergreen State sports wagering activities take place exclusively at tribal casinos, with seven retail sportsbooks now open to the public.
Limited betting capabilities — namely no online or mobile-wagering outside of tribal casinos — drastically impact the state's growth potential. Washington has significant room to grow before it rises the ranks as the dominant United States betting market.
We're tracking all the moves and updating the information about Washington's ongoing sports betting efforts as they happen.
The consent of legal sports betting in Washington was somewhat surprising, as Gov. Inslee enacted an emergency clause on sports betting bill HB 2638. Before signing the bill into law, Washington was one of the country's most highly regulated states.
In the next legislative session, several WA state lawmakers have hinted that they intend to expand sports betting to non-tribal casinos.
The Snoqualmie tribe opened the state's first retail sportsbook on Sept. 9, 2021, where the "Reign Man" himself, retired Seattle SuperSonics star Shawn Kemp, placed the state's first legal sports wager.
Take a look at Washington's sports betting legalization and implementation progress to date:
Feb. 10, 2022: Caesars announces its arrival in Washington by opening retail sportsbooks at Spokane Tribe Casino and Muckleshoot Casino just in time for Super Bowl 56.
Feb. 4, 2022: Suquamish Clearwater Casino unveils its 2,000+ square-foot FanDuel sportsbook to the betting public with a 4 p.m. PT ribbon-cutting ceremony.
Jan. 19, 2022: DraftKings reaches an agreement with the Tulalip Tribes of Washington to bring retail sportsbooks to Tulalip Resort Casino and Quil Ceda Creek Casino. The state sets itself up to become DraftKings' 19th market with either a retail or online sportsbook.
Jan. 11, 2022: Maverick Gaming LLC files a lawsuit in U.S. District Court to invalidate agreements made between Washington state and its Indian tribes. The lawsuit claims tribes were unlawfully given exclusive rights to offer sports betting, among other types of gambling.
Jan. 10, 2022: SB 5212 is reintroduced with the aim of bringing legal sports betting to Washington racetracks and cardrooms. The proposal includes mobile betting — but bettors would need to be on-site at a racetrack or cardroom to make wagers.
Dec. 29, 2021: Snoqualmie Casino becomes the first retail location in the state to launch a mobile sports betting app.
Dec. 20, 2021: EQC Sportsbook (BetMGM) opens a retail location at Emerald Queen Casino in Tacoma.
Dec. 4, 2021: Northern Quest Casino, owned and operated by the Kalispel Tribe, in Airway Heights became the state's third retail sports betting venue.
Dec. 1, 2021: The Stillaguamish Tribe-owned Angel of the Winds Casino in Arlington welcomed sports bettors for the first time.
November 2021: Sports betting, limited to tribal casinos, is on pace to become a $94 million industry within the next five years, according to a Washington State University study.
Sept. 28, 2021: FanDuel Group announced a partnership with the Suquamish Clearwater Casino Resort, including dedicated on-site sportsbook plans.
Sept. 9, 2021: Snoqualmie Tribe became the state's first to launch retail sports betting at its Snoqualmie Casino outside Seattle.
March 25, 2021: Gov. Jay Inslee signed sports betting bill HB 2638 into law, which permits sports wagering at tribal casinos.
Yes. Gaming facilities established on tribal lands are subject to federal regulations, which necessitate a compact between the tribes and state government officials. Several tribal casinos in Washington gained the necessary federal approvals to offer sports wagering. The change to legalize sports betting came after Washington Governor Jay Inslee signaled support for renegotiating tribes’ gaming compacts with the state.
To date, 16 Washington tribe-owned and operated casinos received approval to launch sports betting. There are currently seven retail outlets open in the state, with more expected soon.
In June 2021, the Washington State Gambling Commission amended the gaming compacts of 16 of the state’s federally recognized tribes to allow in-person sports betting. Eight, aside from Snoqualmie Casino, are preparing to start their own sportsbooks.
For now, mobile wagering remains highly limited, with the practice only being permitted on tribal lands. Snoqualmie Casino is currently the sole retail venue that offers the option via its own mobile app, which it launched in December 2021.
Bookmark our U.S. legal tracker for up-to-date news on each state's sports betting progress.
Sports wagering is legal in Washington state, exclusively at casinos operated by the tribes. Gaming facilities established on tribal lands are subject to federal regulations, requiring a compact between the tribes and state government officials.
We've got you covered with the key facts to know before placing your first sports bet in the Evergreen State.
Anyone 21 years of age can place a sports bet in Washington. Eighteen is the state's minimum gambling age, however, it is 21 if the establishment sells alcohol.
Mobile sports betting is only legal in Washington state when physically located on tribal lands at authorized casinos. The current law does not yet contain provisions for statewide mobile sports betting.
Washington sports bettors cannot register, make deposits or place bets from anywhere in-state. All sports betting activity is limited to tribal casinos, where players may have the ability to wager via mobile phones. Fully remote registration would be a significant boon for bettors.
Like all U.S. states with legal and regulated sports betting platforms, placing sports bets is only possible if you are physically located in the state itself. In Washington, you will have to visit a casino to place your sports wager.
Each of Washington's 30 tribal casinos can legally open a sportsbook once the required licenses have been secured. Nine tribes signed deals in 2021, thus allowing them to launch and operate on-site sportsbooks immediately. Currently, seven retail sportsbooks are operational.
Washington does not collect a gambling tax, yet sports gambling winnings are subject to income tax. Therefore, you must report any winnings from sports wagering on your next tax return, even if you don't receive tax documentation for the gaming income.
Players can expect to pay a withholding tax of 25% of all winnings when providing their SSN. The percentage rises to 28% if you withhold this personal information.
Once officially regulated and licensed, each of Washington’s 30 tribal casinos may accept wagers at on-site retail sports betting facilities. However, the tribes don't necessarily view online sports betting as a revenue driver.
Instead, casino operators see mobile betting as a competitive threat. Constant foot traffic and in-person activities in the casinos are considered more reliable revenue streams. Despite this, Snoqualmie Casino has taken the first step forward, launching its own mobile app in late December 2021.
Evergreen State bettors are limited with respect to how and where they can place legal sports wagers.
While traveling to retail locations is currently the sole option available, there are some handy rules of the road to follow:
Conducting independent research will serve you well. Additionally, reading reviews and identifying the bonuses offered by each operator will help you make informed decisions.
WA sports bettors cannot sign up from anywhere within the state from their mobile devices. All sports betting registrations are done in-person at regulated and licensed tribal casinos.
Sports betting operators and betting sites leverage promotions to attract new players. In Washington, check with the retail sportsbook upon entry and when you log in to the online platform from inside the affiliated casino.
You'll have to physically enter a retail sportsbook to register an account and deposit funds. If mobile betting and remote registration become a reality, wagering on sports in the state of Washington will become more convenient.
Applying the research and understanding the various types of wagers available will help you become a stronger and more responsible sports bettor.
Highly limited mobile betting makes it more difficult to compare or shop betting lines, but this practice ensures that you’re maximizing each bet.
Any winnings will be withdrawn on-site at the retail sportsbook. If mobile sports betting becomes a reality in Washington, you will gain the ability to access funds from home or on the go.
Sportsbooks in Washington state use American odds as the default option to display favorites and underdogs. Anytime you see a minus sign (-), you are looking at the betting favorite. The number seen next to the minus sign indicates the price you’ll have to stake to generate $100 in profit. In this example, -110 odds mean a bet of $110 is required to walk away with $100 in winnings.
Underdogs are designated by a plus (+) sign, with the number following identifying the amount you can win when placing a $100 bet. Here, +190 odds indicate that $190 is on the table when betting $100.
Our odds converter allows you to view odds in other formats, like fractional and decimal odds.
WA sports bettors can access betting lines for major professional and college sports with a couple of exceptions.
Wagering on political events or outcomes is not sanctioned in Washington or any other U.S. state.
Celebrity events, including the Academy Awards, are off-limits in WA.
Sportsbooks in the state of Washington cannot accept bets on local schools. Wagers on college sports are permitted in Washington, except for events competed by in-state schools.
Washington's wagering and betting bills accommodate betting on esports, but the activity is limited to tribal casinos.
The introduction of legal sports betting in Washington established retail sportsbooks at tribal casinos. Presently, Snoqualmie Casino is the only venue with its own on-site mobile app.
The number of legal outlets will grow as regulations and licenses are handed out.
|Online sportsbook||Mobile app||Odds provider||Online casino||Partner||Retail venue|
|Snoqualmie Casino Sportsbook||Yes||IGT||No||N/A||Snoqualmie Casino|
|Spokane Tribe Casino / Muckleshoot Casino|
14300 US-2, Airway Heights, WA 99001 / 2402 Auburn Way S, Auburn, WA 98002
|(887) 786-9467 / (800) 804-4944|
|Snoqualmie Casino in Snoqualmie|
37500 SE North Bend Way, Snoqualmie, WA 98065
EQC Sportsbook (BetMGM)
|Emerald Queen Casino|
2920 E R St, Tacoma, WA 98404
|Suquamish Clearwater Casino Resort|
15347 Suquamish Way NE, Suquamish, WA 98392
|Angel of the Winds Casino|
3438 Stoluckquamish Ln, Arlington, WA 98223
Turf Club Sports Book
|Northern Quest Resort & Casino|
100 N Hayford Rd, Airway Heights, WA 99001
|Tulalip Resort Casino / Quil Ceda Creek Casino|
10200 Quil Ceda Blvd, Tulalip, WA 98271 / 6221 31st Ave NE, Tulalip, WA 98271
|(888) 272-1111 / (360) 716-1700|
Several professional sports teams based in Seattle account for the majority of the state's betting action. Despite team allegiances, fans and prospective bettors would be wise to conduct independent research to ensure unbiased bets.
Consult our how to bet guides for a primer on sport-specific betting intelligence.
Washington owns some of the country's more strict gaming laws, with both online casinos and poker sites prohibited. In 2006, Senate Bill SSB 6613 was passed to clarify Washington’s stance on participation in illegal internet betting.
Legal sports betting takes place at the state's tribal casinos, which is where you can also partake in traditional casino games and slots.
Thirty tribal casinos, operated by 24 tribes, are located in the state of Washington.
Each casino offers a full lineup of games, including slots, blackjack, roulette, craps, and baccarat.
Land-based poker games are deemed legal, but only at tribal casinos. Players can engage in live poker at licensed facilities under these conditions: No more than five betting rounds in one game; each betting round allows no more than four bets in any round; single wagers may not exceed $40; outlets with Class F licenses can allow wagers up to $100.
The Washington Horse Racing Commission (WHRC) manages the state’s two racetracks and all betting activities.
Online horse racing betting was legalized back in 2004, with a handful of websites given the authority to accept bets on races held either in or out of state. Players can register and wager with TwinSpires and TVG, the best horse racing betting sites in the U.S.
Washington also permits off-track betting, which is available at 13 locations.
Up until 2014, the largest daily fantasy sports (DFS) sites accepted sign-ups from the state of Washington. However, the state's gambling commission clarified its stance on fantasy betting and declared the activity illegal, citing the 1973 Gambling Act.
Bracket and office sports pools, along with fantasy sports, were never authorized as gambling activities in Washington State and thus are illegal.
Sports betting in Washington State takes place exclusively at select tribal casinos. While a tribe holds the authority to launch or open a sportsbook, it doesn't mean that they will do so.
Here are some handy facts to help you stay connected to Washington sports betting and its ongoing status:
|Launch date||Sept. 9, 2021|
|Legal age for betting||21|
|Online sports betting||Yes ✅ (select tribal casinos only)|
|Number of betting licenses||TBD|
|Number of betting sites||One|
|Remote registration||No ❌|
|Retail sportsbooks||Yes ✅ (select tribal casinos only)|
|Online casino sites||No ❌|
|Online poker||No ❌|
|Retail casinos||Yes ✅|
|Betting on college sports||Yes ✅ (out-of-state teams only)|
|Betting on esports||Yes ✅ (select tribal casinos only)|
|State population||7.7 million|
|Total handle (2021)||N/A|
|State regulator||Washington State Gambling Commission|
The Washington State Gambling Commission is a staunch proponent of responsible gaming and encourages its practices. Resources, including confidential help available 24 hours a day, along with toll-free support and online chat functionality, are free to use.
Rules for a statewide self-exclusion program at licensed card rooms, and a process for tribal operations to voluntarily opt into the program, were laid out in House Bill 1302 and overseen by the Gambling Commission.Visit Washington State Gambling Commission
Washington joins these other states in offering forms of legal sports betting within their borders:
With more and more states moving toward legal sports betting, it's worth knowing which ones are potentially likely to offer the practice next. That list includes:
Yes, sports betting is now legal in Washington state at regulated tribal casinos.
Washington sports bettors must be at least 21 to bet on sports or play any other casino games. Persons aged 18 can wager on horse racing.
To place a sports bet in the state of Washington, you must visit one of the state’s casinos and register with a retail sportsbook.
Washington sports bettors have access to popular bet types, including moneylines, point spreads, Over/unders (totals), parlays, futures bets, and others.
No online sportsbooks are operational in Washington. Any mobile betting is only authorized to take place within a retail casino. Currently, bettors are limited to travelling to Snoqualmie Casino to make use of its on-site mobile app.
Yes, but only bets on horse racing can be made via a mobile device in Washington. Sports bets are placed in-person at a casino. Snoqualmie Casino, however, does offer its own on-site mobile app.
Yes, you can place legal wagers on professional Washington-based teams. However, you cannot wager on in-state college sports teams or events unless physically located outside state lines.
Snoqualmie Casino is Seattle's closest outlet for legal sports betting.
No. Only two sportsbook partners have struck deals with the state's tribes.
The Snoqualmie Casino operates a state-licensed sportsbook. Nine Washington Tribes, including the Snoqualmie Tribe, can launch sports betting in their casinos.
Joshua Howe is a commercial content editor at Covers, assisting experts in making smarter sports bettors. Prior to joining the team in 2021, the experienced writer and editor worked in a variety of industries, including sports, marketing, and publishing.